Urban Agriculture & Regional Food Systems

Urban Agriculture & Regional Food Systems

Furthermore, urban farms can gain benefits from the low cost of promotion on social media; they can use the traditional media such as newspaper and television channels for writing and filming their urban farm stories. For doing so, most urban farmers have multiple channels and ways to promote their urban farming and greenhouse businesses at a low cost. Most of the farms interviewed were in the early stage of farming in the city, not more than 10 years, and social media had a positive impact on promoting these urban farm businesses directly. Urban farmers can also set up their own price, which is higher than the standard market price. I found that the most expensive fresh melon produce can be higher than the market price by seven times. Usually, most of the urban farms sell the fresh melon from their farms for three times higher than the market price.

urban agriculture

The first is related to food cultivation within city limits, and the second is the peri-urban agriculture that stems from local producers who market and transport directly to urban centers. Both of these forms of UA initiatives allow for the development of a variety of environmental, economic, and social benefits to the communities in which they are found. Beyond individual community members these projects impact a variety of stakeholders including private or nonprofit organizations, and local, regional or state governments. Shows the greenhouse farming locations and the focus-group greenhouse farming locations .

Food Security

The publications and projects were analysed regarding the potential contribution of the elements of urban farming systems to circular economy approach for a resourceful, resilient and sustainable city. Soil is the ‘default’ growing substrate for plants, however urban soils are often degraded (De Kimpe & Morel 2000) and do not enable healthy plant growth. Therefore, replacing the soil with other substrates in urban environments, can contribute towards healthy produce.

This edited volume brings together current research and case studies concerning urban agriculture from both the Global North and the Global South. The book covers the nature of urban agriculture and how it supports livelihoods, provides ecosystem services, and community development. It also considers urban agriculture and social capital, networks, and agro-biodiversity conservation.

So far, Hantz Woodlands has invested over 1 million dollars in the community and has planted 25,000 trees over 140 acres. The initiative has been credited with raising home values by 482% and beautifying the surrounding neighborhood. Critics argue years after acquiring acres of land from Detroit, Hantz could sell the property for development into high-end and commercial real-estate. This action would generate massive profits for the Hantz Group while hurting community cohesion and leaving no payoff for long-time residents.

It is therefore becoming necessary to find a balance between social and environmental benefits and economic viability of the models. The objective of farm profitability must not be achieved at the expense of environmental benefits. But the simple pursuit of social and environmental benefits, without the objective of economic profitability, will only allow a limited development of urban agriculture. Moreover, urban agriculture projects often compete with other development projects, which hinders their widespread introduction. Projects for the installation of photovoltaic panels, for example, often conflict with rooftop farming projects.

They foster the sustainable use of the land by providing green habitats and peaceful places to promote respect for urban heritage . More than 2,000 years ago the Chinese Taoists built gardens in the belief that the environment had beneficial effects on health. Nowadays, all over the world, horticulture is a consolidated and recognized practice for the treatment of a wide range of disorders in therapeutic programs. Commercial agricultural businesses, including indoor farming, hydroponics, and aquaponics are producing food and developing new technologies to provide high-quality food in an urban environment.

These range from building-integrated agriculture systems, taking place on building rooftops (e.g., rooftop gardens and greenhouses) or even inside them (e.g., indoor or vertical farms with artificial lighting). Furthermore, the section also explores new crops that are increasingly adopted in UA, thanks to the market opportunities provided by the urban environment and the proximity to consumers. Urban farming refers to intentional business models taking advantage of proximity to the city by offering local or regional agricultural products or services. The importance of the production in proportion to the other societal benefits can vary strongly (…), both, the production-oriented side or the co-benefit-oriented side may prevail depending on the individual practices of an urban farming operation.Pölling et al. Currently, the majority of the world population growth is in the cities, especially in developing countries. Urban areas worldwide are expected to absorb all the population growth expected over the next four decades and continue to draw in the rural population .

Mcvean Farm

Research and practice during the last 20 years has shown that urban agriculture can contribute to minimising the effects of climate change by, at the same time, improving quality of life in urban areas. In order to do so most effectively, land use and spatial planning are crucial so as to obtain and maintain a supportive green infrastructure and to secure citizens’ healthy living conditions. As people today trend more towards living in green and sustainable city centres that can offer fresh and locally produced food, cities become again places for growing food. Embedded in changing urban food systems, the contribution of urban agriculture to creating sustainable and climate-friendly cities is pivotal as it has the capacity to integrate other resource streams such as water, waste and energy.

Framlab Imagines Modular Vertical Urban Farms On The Streets Of Brooklyn

While applicable to the wider population, in some cases this is even being used in therapeutic approaches. In Japan, “forest bathing” has been part of the official national health program for decades due to its proven benefits to health. In some cities, such as Guelph, Ontario, so-called “healing gardens” are used to help former cancer patients to recover from their illness and treatment. In certain countries in the Maghreb, for example, agriculture has totally disappeared from cities as population density has increased.

RPP can be used to grow crops that require higher light intensities and greater heights than those plants traditionally grown in PFALs. Further, seedlings started in a PFAL can be transferred to the roof and cultivated with RPP. Urban gardening is seen as a means to improve public health not only through improving economic and food security, but also in providing exercise, psychological, and community well-being, and environmental stewardship. The type of plants that are grown in urban settings are largely foods that contribute micronutrients, and are much less likely to be the staples that provide the bulk of energy and protein. In 1998, the city of Oakland’s Mayor’s Office of Sustainability proposed a Sustainable Community Development Initiative towards sustainable development. Due to West Oakland’s lack of access to nutritious and healthy food, other organizations including the PCGN and City Slicker Farms demanded the plan include strategies for creating a sustainable impact on the local food system.

As a result, humanity has extinguished 60% of global species over the last 50 years alone. Agriculture thus contributes substantially to the transgression of at least four of the nine planetary boundaries – those criteria that define a safe operating space for human existence – defined by the Stockholm Resilience Institute. The challenge is to square the human needs of billions of people without irreversibly creating ecosystem conditions that humanity has not seen in all its existence – ones that will most likely be unfit to support our civilization3. The green belt running east to west across the African continent is not the only initiative tackling desertification in the Sahel. Christine Aubry, a researcher at INRA-AgroParisTech specialized in urban agriculture, discusses this growing phenomenon in cities of both Global North and South. To address the issue of food security, some people have developed ideas to shape our food production chain.

Cars replaced the use of horses, and urban animal agriculture fell out of favor as cities grew in size. The prohibition movement saw the closure of city distilleries, removing the need to keep urban herds of cows and pigs to process spent grains. Ordinances forced slaughterhouses and butcher shops to centralize, and pushed the operations to the urban periphery. Cattle no longer needed to be herded through city streets on their way to slaughter. Sanitation services such as municipal trash removal and county landfilling were established through municipal budgets to replace informal waste processing by piggeries.

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